Volume 12, Issue 3 (Autumn 2008)                   2008, 12(3): 58-62 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (31017 Views)
Background: Thyme is a perennial plant from Lamiaceae family and an important medicinal plant worldwide. Thymus daenensis is distributed in Iran and used as a traditional medicine. Objective: Identification of Thymus daenesis components cultivated in Qazvin. Methods: Aerial parts of Thymus daenensis were collected from a research farm (Qazvin Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center) at flowering stage in 1385. The essential oil was initially prepared by hydro-distillation technique followed by GC and GC/MS for determination of chemical compositions. Findings: The ratio of aromatic components to its dry weight in essential oil of Thymus daenensis cultivated in Qazvin was measured at 2.8±0.1% (w/w). Twenty four components were identified. The main constituents of the essential oil were thymol (74.61%), p-cymene (4.6%), γ-terpinene (4.48%) carvacrol methyl ether (4.27%), 1.8 cineol (1.64%), borneol (1.61%), and carvacerol (1.40%). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the Thymus daenensis essential oil is rich in monoterpene phenols, especially thymol.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiology

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