Volume 26, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   2022, 26(1): 43-57 | Back to browse issues page


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Vafae Eslahi A, Olfatifar M, Barikbin F, Zaki L, Badri M. The Global Prevalence of Diphyllobothrium in Dogs, and Cats: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Inflammatory Diseases. 2022; 26 (1) :43-57
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-3288-en.html
1- Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
2- Gastroenterology and Hepatology Diseases Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
3- Post Graduate Students of Operative Dentistry, Student Research Committee, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
4- Department of Parasitology and Entomology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran. , badri22.milad@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1239 Views)
Background: Fish tapeworms of the genus Diphyllobothrium are pseudophyllidean cestodes transmitted through the consumption of raw or inadequately cooked fish.
Objective: The current systematic review and meta-analysis aim to estimate the global prevalence of Diphyllobothrium in dogs and cats based on published literature. 
Methods: Multiple English databases (PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were explored for relevant papers published until December 2021. 
Findings: Among the 37 studies that were included, 32 documented Diphyllobothrium infection in dogs and five in cats. The pooled prevalence (95% confidence interval) was 0.060% (0.030%-0.100%). The analysis based on country showed that the highest pooled prevalence in dogs and cats was observed in Bangladesh (0.250%, 0.149%-0.366%) and Indonesia (0.254%, 0.182%-0.333%), respectively. Based on the continent, Africa (0.109%, 0.017%-0.264%) and Asia (0.060%, 0%-0.345%) were the most common regions for infection in dogs and cats, respectively. Among different diagnostic methods, the highest pooled prevalence was related to molecular (0.661%, 0.573%-0.743%) and parasitological techniques (0.041%, 0%-0.217%) for dogs and cats’ studies, respectively. 
Conclusion: The findings show the importance of establishing a prevention and control measure focused on improving regular deworming and enhancing awareness of parasitic zoonotic diseases to minimize the transmission risk.
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Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Microbiology

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