Volume 23, Issue 2 (Jun _ Jul 2019)                   2019, 23(2): 152-163 | Back to browse issues page

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Poursharifi A, Jafari A. Prediction of the Anxiety Sensitivity Based on Lifestyle Features in Students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Inflammatory Diseases. 2019; 23 (2) :152-163
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2643-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Abhar branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran. , a.poorsharifi@gmail.com
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran.
Keywords: Anxiety, Lifestyle, Social
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1. Introduction
Anxiety sensitivity (AS) as a cognitive variable reflects individual differences that are characterized by fear of anxiety-related sensations and indicates their tendency to believe these feelings have some destructive consequences [1]. AS is the fear of anxiety and its symptoms that can affect lifestyle and cause physical and psychological damages. Lifestyle is a reflection of how people live according to their constructs, such as social values, attitudes, and activities that are formed by a combination of behavior and habits throughout life, followed by socialization. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictability of AS based on lifestyle components in students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.
2. Materials and Methods
This research is a descriptive correlational study. The study population consists of all undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students (n=2260) of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (QUMS). According to Morgan's table, the sample size was determined 350. Considering the possibility of dropout in the samples, 500 questionnaires were distributed among them, and 350 ones were completed and returned. Simple random sampling technique was used for recruiting samples. The inclusion criteria were as follows: having no probation and moral problems, psychosis or neurosis problems; studying in the second semester 2016-2017; and having Iranian nationality. Anxiety Sensitivity Index developed by Reiss et al. [14] was used for measuring students’ AS, and Adlerian Lifestyle Questionnaire developed by Adler et al. [17] for assessing their lifestyle quality. For analyzing the collected data, the Pearson correlation test and multiple regression analysis (concurrent approach) were used. The information on students was kept confidential.
3. Results
Of 350 participants, 233 were female and 117 male. A total of 55(15.7%) students were undergraduate, 25(7.1%) discontinuous undergraduate, 186(53.1%) graduate, and 84 (24%) postgraduate. Moreover, 44(12.6%) students were from the School of Medicine, 50(14.3%) from School of Dentistry, 61(17.4%) from School of Public Health, 78(22.3%) from School of Paramedical Sciences, and 117(33.4%) from School of Nursing and Midwifery. To evaluate the predictability of AS with lifestyle factors, multiple regression analysis (concurrent approach) was carried out, and their correlation was examined using the Pearson correlation test.
The results showed that lifestyle factors, including basic (belonging/social interest, taking charge, going along, want recognition, being cautious) and secondary factors (harshness entitlement, liked by all, striving for perfection, and softness), have a significant correlation with AS (P<0.01). Based on regression analysis results, lifestyle and its 5 basic and secondary factors could predict AS.
4. Conclusion
The results suggest that changes in AS are partially predictable based on lifestyle factors. Therefore, to prevent and reduce the AS level in students, it is suggested that their lifestyle be promoted and modified. In a study on the effect of lifestyle modifications on the prevention of common mental disorders, including depression, it was reported that psychosocial factors play an important role in causing mental disorders [19]. This result is consistent with the findings of other studies. Alimehdi et al. in a study reported the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction on AS [21]. There are some studies whose results are against our result.
For example, Saedi et al. studied the relationship among quality of life, lifestyle, academic performance, and academic achievement in university students and reported that among lifestyle factors, “belonging/ social interest”, “want recognition” and “being cautious” could predict academic achievement [7]. However, quality of life, lifestyle, and the academic performance had no association with academic achievement. The results in the present study revealed that the basic (belonging/social interest, taking charge, going along, want recognition, being cautious) and secondary factors (harshness entitlement, liked by all, striving for perfection, and softness) of lifestyle had a significant association with AS, and they could positively predict it.
Ethical Considerations
Compliance with ethical guidelines

This article was approved by the thesis (No. 20721603952048) at the Islamic Azad University of Abhar.
This study is based on of the first author Ahmad Poorsharifi's Master's thesis in Consulting and Guidance, which was conducted at the Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Abhar Beranch, Islamic Azad University.
Authors' contributions
Conceptualization: Asghar Jafari; Research, review, editing, and finalization: Ahmad Poursharifi.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interests.
The authors would like to thank the assistant of educational affairs at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences and students for their valuable cooperation.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Education Health

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