Volume 23, Issue 2 (Jun _ Jul 2019)                   2019, 23(2): 140-151 | Back to browse issues page

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Dargahi H, Alipanah M, Nourizadeh Tehrani P. Comparison of Work-Family Conflict Between Medical and Non-medical Staff Groups in Hospitals Affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Inflammatory Diseases. 2019; 23 (2) :140-151
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2640-en.html
1- Department of Management Sciences and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.; Health Information Management Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hdargahi@sina.tums.ac.ir
2- Department of Management Sciences and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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1. Introduction
Work-family conflict happens when work and family roles do not harmonize [3-5]. Work-family conflict in health care professionals is considered inevitable [16]. Various studies have reported this conflict among physicians, nurses, and medical assistants as well as executive and non-medical staff. The consequences of this conflict are job burnout, physical and psychological stress in the workplace, and dissatisfaction with family life [18, 19, 22, 23]. Therefore, this research aims to determine work-family conflict between medical and non-medical staff in hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
2. Materials and Methods 
This was a descriptive-analytical study with a cross-sectional design. The study participants were 300 staff of 3 general and 3 specialized hospitals selected as a sample size by Krejcie and Morgan Table. Then, they were divided into 150 staff of medical and 150 non-medical staff group. The research tool was Carlson’s work-family conflict. Its content validity was confirmed using translation-retranslation by two expert interpreters and finally by 5 medical experts. The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (The Independent t-test, two-sample t-test, ANOVA, the Spearman test, and Schaffe technic) in SPSS V. 22.
3. Results
The results of this research showed that the average work-family conflict score of all staff was 2.73, which was marked as moderate. Also, the average conflict score among medical staff was 2.72, and among non-medical staff was 2.74; both were moderate. 
Using the two-sample t-test, there was not a significant correlation between the work-family conflict of medical and non-medical staff of studied hospitals (P=0.08). Also, we found only a significant relationship between both medical and non-medical of staff’s age based on the ANOVA results (P=0.001) confirmed by Schaffe technic (P=0.001). This indicates that the work-family conflict decreases with higher age of the staff.
4. Conclusion
There was no significant correlation between medical group staff, including physicians, nurses, midwives, para-clinicians, receptionists, and medical records departments and non-medical group staff, including administrative, accounting, supplies, and maintenance departments. This result was inconsistent with the result of Hatam et al. [29] and Arab et al. studies [30] but consistent with the research result of Foster et al. and Fen Hsu et al. studies [31, 32]. Therefore, work-family conflict is not a specific case among medical and clinical group staff, but non-medical group staff also suffer from this phenomenon in Iranian hospitals. Consequently, we suggest policymakers of the Iranian health care system pay more attention to the non-medical staff of the hospitals and improve their work-life quality. Accordingly, no gap is observed between these two groups about their work life.

Ethical Considerations
Compliance with ethical guidelines

The authors started that all respondents were informed to the questionnaire consciously and with verbal consent and gave them an ethical commitment that the respondents′ information was enormously introduced into the software and could not be restored (code: IR.TUMS.VCR.REC.1396-3689).
This research received a specific grant from the Research and Technology Vice chancellorship of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (code: 25980).
Authors' contributions
Proposal formulation and conceptualization and methodology: Hossein Dargahi and Mobarak Ali Panah; Collecting, analyzing data and drafting article: Mobarak Ali Panah and Pedram Nourizadeh; Editing, supervising and managing the project and preparing the final article: Hossein Dargahi.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interest.
We are grateful for the cooperation of all hospitals managers and staff in this research.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Care Management

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