Volume 23, Issue 2 (Jun _ Jul 2019)                   2019, 23(2): 140-151 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Dargahi H, Alipanah M, Nourizadeh Tehrani P. Comparison of Work-Family Conflict Between Medical and Non-medical Staff Groups in Hospitals Affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Inflammatory Diseases. 2019; 23 (2) :140-151
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2640-en.html
1- Department of Management Sciences and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.; Health Information Management Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hdargahi@sina.tums.ac.ir
2- Department of Management Sciences and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 4508 kb]   (1331 Downloads)     |   Abstract (HTML)  (3790 Views)
Full-Text:   (1226 Views)
1. Introduction
Work-family conflict happens when work and family roles do not harmonize [3-5]. Work-family conflict in health care professionals is considered inevitable [16]. Various studies have reported this conflict among physicians, nurses, and medical assistants as well as executive and non-medical staff. The consequences of this conflict are job burnout, physical and psychological stress in the workplace, and dissatisfaction with family life [18, 19, 22, 23]. Therefore, this research aims to determine work-family conflict between medical and non-medical staff in hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
2. Materials and Methods 
This was a descriptive-analytical study with a cross-sectional design. The study participants were 300 staff of 3 general and 3 specialized hospitals selected as a sample size by Krejcie and Morgan Table. Then, they were divided into 150 staff of medical and 150 non-medical staff group. The research tool was Carlson’s work-family conflict. Its content validity was confirmed using translation-retranslation by two expert interpreters and finally by 5 medical experts. The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (The Independent t-test, two-sample t-test, ANOVA, the Spearman test, and Schaffe technic) in SPSS V. 22.
3. Results
The results of this research showed that the average work-family conflict score of all staff was 2.73, which was marked as moderate. Also, the average conflict score among medical staff was 2.72, and among non-medical staff was 2.74; both were moderate. 
Using the two-sample t-test, there was not a significant correlation between the work-family conflict of medical and non-medical staff of studied hospitals (P=0.08). Also, we found only a significant relationship between both medical and non-medical of staff’s age based on the ANOVA results (P=0.001) confirmed by Schaffe technic (P=0.001). This indicates that the work-family conflict decreases with higher age of the staff.
4. Conclusion
There was no significant correlation between medical group staff, including physicians, nurses, midwives, para-clinicians, receptionists, and medical records departments and non-medical group staff, including administrative, accounting, supplies, and maintenance departments. This result was inconsistent with the result of Hatam et al. [29] and Arab et al. studies [30] but consistent with the research result of Foster et al. and Fen Hsu et al. studies [31, 32]. Therefore, work-family conflict is not a specific case among medical and clinical group staff, but non-medical group staff also suffer from this phenomenon in Iranian hospitals. Consequently, we suggest policymakers of the Iranian health care system pay more attention to the non-medical staff of the hospitals and improve their work-life quality. Accordingly, no gap is observed between these two groups about their work life.

Ethical Considerations
Compliance with ethical guidelines

The authors started that all respondents were informed to the questionnaire consciously and with verbal consent and gave them an ethical commitment that the respondents′ information was enormously introduced into the software and could not be restored (code: IR.TUMS.VCR.REC.1396-3689).
Funding
This research received a specific grant from the Research and Technology Vice chancellorship of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (code: 25980).
Authors' contributions
Proposal formulation and conceptualization and methodology: Hossein Dargahi and Mobarak Ali Panah; Collecting, analyzing data and drafting article: Mobarak Ali Panah and Pedram Nourizadeh; Editing, supervising and managing the project and preparing the final article: Hossein Dargahi.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declared no conflict of interest.
Acknowledgements
We are grateful for the cooperation of all hospitals managers and staff in this research.


References
 
  1. Amstad FT, Meier LL, Fasel U, Elfering A, Semmer NK. A meta analysis of work-family conflict and various outcomes with a special emphasis on cross-domain versus matching-domain relations. J Occup Health Psychol. 2011; 16(2):151-69. [DOI:10.1037/a0022170] [PMID] 
  2. Spector PE, Allen TD, Poelmans SA, Lapierre LM, Cooper CL, Michael OD, et al. Cross‐national differences in relationships of work demands, job satisfaction, and turnover intentions with work-family conflict. Pers Psychol. 2007; 60(4):805-35. [DOI:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00092.x]
  3. Rastegar khaled A. Survey of conflict on job and family roles with its influencing social determinant. Bimonthly of Shahed University. Women Strateg Stu. 2004; 11(4):35-48. [In Persian] [DOI:10.1177/097152310401100104]
  4. Malekiha M. Effect of shift work on work-family conflict and material satisfaction. J Behav Sci. 2008; 2(3):253-61. [In Persian]
  5. Malekiha M, Baghban I, Fatehizade M. Study of effect shift work on work-family conflict and marital satisfaction in female nurses of educational hospital. J Behav Sci. 2008; 12(3):253-62. [In Persian]
  6. Matthews RA, Wayne JH, Ford MT. A work-family conflict/subjective well-being process model: A test of competing theories of longitudinal effects. J Appl Psychol. 2014; 99(6):1173-87. [DOI:10.1037/a0036674] [PMID]
  7. Zhao XR, Qu H, Ghiselli R. Examining the relationship of work-family conflict to job and life satisfaction: A case of hotel sales managers. Int J Hosp Manag. 2011; 20(1):46-54. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijhm.2010.04.010]
  8. Baltes BB, Zhdanova LS, Clark MA. Examining the relationship between personality coping strategies and work-family conflict. J Bus Psychol. 2011; 26(4):517-30. [DOI:10.1007/s10869-010-9207-0]
  9. Greenhous Jh, Beutell NJ. Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Acad Manag Rev. 1985; 10(1):76-88. [DOI:10.5465/amr.1985.4277352]
  10. Burley KA. Family variables mediators of the relationship between work-family conflict and marital adjustment among dual-career man and woman. J Soc Psychol. 1995; 135(4):483-97. [DOI:10.1080/00224545.1995.9712217] [PMID]
  11. Watai I, Nishikido N, Murashima S. Development of Japanese version of the work-family conflict scale (WFCS), and examination of its validity and reliability. Sangyo Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2006; 48(3):71-81. [DOI:10.1539/sangyoeisei.48.71] [PMID]
  12. Beaugard TA. Work life integration: Organizational, cultural, and individual perspectives. An International J Employ Relat. 2006; 44(2):386-9. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-8543.2006.00501_8.x]
  13. Byron K. A meta- analytic review of work-family conflict and its antecedents. J Vocat Behav. 2005; 67(2005):169-98. [DOI:10.1016/j.jvb.2004.08.009]
  14. Hennessy KD & Lent RW. Self-efficacy for managing work-family conflict: Validating the English language version of a Hebrew scale. J Career Assess. 2008; 16(3):370-83. [DOI:10.1177/1069072708317383]
  15. Donatella C, Marco S, Samantha S, Maurice CP, Paolo C, Giovanni C. Shiftwork, work-family conflict among Italian nurses, and prevention efficacy. Chronobiol Int. 2010; 19(27):1105-23. [DOI:10.3109/07420528.2010.490072] [PMID]
  16. Tavangar H, Alhani F, Vanaki Z. The explanation nurses′ experiences from work-family conflict and fulfillment of children′s rights: A qualitative study. Horiz Med Sci. 2011; 10(3-4):106-26. [In Persian]
  17. Rayani M, Mansouri A, Jahani Y, Shahdadi H, Khammari M. Relationship between work-family conflict and marital satisfaction among nurses and midwives in hospitals of Zabol university of medical sciences. J Qazvin Uni Med Sci. 2016; 20(3):48-56. [In Persian]
  18. Hashemi SS, Bazrafkan H, Arshadi N. The effect of work-family conflict on job satisfaction and mental health. Fam Couns Psychol. 2012; 1(6):344-365. [In Persian]
  19. Mansuri A, Shahdadi H, Nasiri AA, Jahani Y. The survey of relationship between marital satisfaction and work-family conflict among hospital clinical staff of Zabol University of Medical Sciences. J Zabol Uni Med Sci Health Serv. 2016; 7(4):1-13. [In Persian]
  20. Efeoğlu IE, Ozcan S. Work-family conflict and its association with job performance and family satisfaction among physicians. Aust J Basic Appl Sci. 2013; 7(7):43-8.
  21. Adam S, Gyorffy Z, Susanzkhy E. Physician burnout in Hungrary: A potential role for work-family conflict. J Health Psychol. 2008; 13(7):847-56. [DOI:10.1177/1359105308095055] [PMID]
  22. Hakanen JJ, Schaufeli WB. Do burnout and work engagement predict depressive symptoms and life satisfaction? A three-wave seven- year prospective study. J Affect Disord. 2012; 43(2):26-37. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2012.02.043] [PMID]
  23. Xiaorong L, Ping W, Wenxiu H, Lili C, Fanglan L. Job stress, and burnout: A comparative study of senior and head nurses in China. Nurs Health Sci. 2017; 19(2):163-9. [DOI:10.1111/nhs.12328.] [PMID]
  24. Motesharrei MH, Neisi AK, Arshadi N. The test of validity and reliability of Carlson, Kacmar & Williams work-family conflict questionnaire. J Indust/Org Psychol. 2013; 4(14):65-73. [In Persian]
  25. Rasouli P, Khanke HR, Fallahi Khoskenab M, Rahgozar M. The impression of time management on work-family conflict among nurses. Hayat. 2010; 15(3):5-11. [In Persian]
  26. Carlson DS, Kacmar KM, Williams LJ. Construction and initial validation of a multidimensioual measure of work-family conflict. J Vocat Behav. 2000; 56(2):249-76. [DOI:10.1006/jvbe.1999.1713]
  27. Dargahi H, Mehrani F, Partovi Shayan Z. Assessment of leadership among clinical laboratories managers of teaching hospitals: Quantum leadership approach. J Qazvin Uni Med Sci. 2017; 21(4):45-55. [In Persian]
  28. Doaie H, Pour S, Khavidar F. Analysis and investigation of predictive factors of work-family conflict and intended to leave the work: A case study among the nurses of Ghaem hospital in Mashhad, Iran. Soc Sci Biq. 2013; 9(1):63-88. [In Persian]
  29. Hatam N, Keshtkaran V, Mohamadpour M, Ghorbanian A. Comparison of work-family conflict between clinical and non clinical staffs of Shahid Faghihi Hospital (public hospital) in Shiraz: 2010. Iran Occup Health. 2013; 10(3):52-60. [In Persian]
  30. Arab M, Movahed Kor E, Hosseini M. Effective factor analysis on health related absence among nurses of clinical wards in general hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. J Hosp. 2016; 15(1):21-30. [In Persian]
  31. Foster SW, McMurray JE, Linzer M, Leavitt JW, Rosenberg M, Carnes M. Results of a gender-climate and work-environment survey at a midwestern academic health center. Acad Med. 2000; 75(6):653-60. [DOI:10.1097/00001888-200006000-00019] [PMID]
  32. Hsu BF, Chen WY, Wang ML, Lin YY. Explaining supervisory support to work-family conflict: The perspectives of guanxi, LMX, and emotional intelligence. J Technol Manag China. 2010; 5(1):40-54. [DOI:10.1108/17468771011032787]
  33. Sharifzadeh F, Mohammadi Mahmouie A, Alizadeh H, Khani Pardaajori S, Heshmati F. Relationship between work-family conflict and intention to leave among nurse . J Iran Nurs. 2015; 27(87):23-33. [In Persian] [DOI:10.29252/ijn.27.87.23]
  34. Adam S, Gyorffy Z, Laszlo K. High Prevalence of job dissatisfaction among female physicians, work family conflict as a potential stressor. Orvosi Hetilap. 2009; 150(31):1451-6. [DOI:10.1556/OH.2009.28582] [PMID]
  35. Šimunić A, Gregov L. Conflict between work and family roles and satisfaction among nurses in different shift systems in Croatia: A questionnaire survey. Arch Ind Hyg Toxicol. 2012; 63(2):189-97. [DOI:10.2478/10004-1254-63-2012-2159] [PMID]
  36.  Dargahi H, Mousavi SM, Araghieh Farahani S, Shaham G. Conflict management and its related strategies. J Payavard Salamat. 2008; 2(1):63-72. [In Persian]

 
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Care Management

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Inflammatory Diseases

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb