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1- Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- Gastroenterology and Hepatology Diseases Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3- Post Graduate Students of Operative Dentistry, Student Research Committee, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
4- Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Research Insitute for Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran. ,
Abstract:   (98 Views)
Background: Fish tapeworms of the genus Diphyllobothrium are the pseudophyllidean cestodes transmitted through the consumption of raw or inadequately cooked fish.
Objective: The aim of the current systematic review and meta-analysis is to estimate the global prevalence of Diphyllobothrium in dogs and cats based on published literatures.
Methods: Multiple English databases (PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were explored for relevant papers published until December 2021.
Results: Among 37 studies that met the inclusion, 32 investigations documented Diphyllobothrium infection in dogs and five in cats. The pooled prevalence (95% confidence interval) was 0.060% (0.030–0.100%). The analyses based on country revealed that the highest pooled prevalence in dogs and cats was observed in Bangladesh (0.250%, 0.149 –0.366%) and Indonesia (0.254%, 0.182 – 0.333%), respectively. Based on continent, Africa (0.109%, 0.017– 0.264%) and Asia (0.060%, 0 – 0.345%) were found to be the most prevalent regions for the infection in dogs and cats, respectively. Among different diagnostic methods, the highest rate of the pooled prevalence was related to molecular (0.661%, 0.573–0.743%) and parasitological techniques (0.041%, 0–0.217%) for studies on dogs and cats, respectively.
Conclusion: The findings demonstrated the importance of establishing a prevention and control measure focused on improving regular deworming and enhancing awareness of parasitic zoonotic diseases to minimise the transmission risk.
Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Microbiology

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