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1- Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Allameh Ghazvini Nonprofit Higher Education Institute, Qazvin, Iran
2- Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
3- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , gheibi_n@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (97 Views)
Background and purpose: Aerobic and intense exercises can with increase free radicals cause to damage at the cellular level, heart disease, cancer and the development of aging processes that one of the symptoms is increase in serum concentrations of liver enzymes. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate The concurrent effect of four weeks of aerobic training and propolis supplement on liver enzymes ALT, AST and SOD enzyme activity in endurance athletes.
Materials and methods: 32 male athletes (age: 21±1.4) in track and field were randomly divided into three groups: exercise group, exercise with placebo group, and exercise with supplement group. Propolis supplementation was taken as two 500 mg tablets twice a day, and aerobic exercise was performed for 4 weeks and 24 sessions with intensity (60 to 65% of stored heart rate). Statistical method One-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test with the software SPSS (2018 version) was conducted.
Results: The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between group (supplement + exercise) compared to group (placebo + exercise) and the exercise Group in serum levels of SOD, AST, and ALT (P <0.05). There was not a statistically significant difference between group (exercise) compared to group (placebo + exercise) in serum levels of SOD, AST, and ALT (P> 0.05).
Conclusion: Conclusion: The results of the study showed that aerobic exercise alone can increase SOD enzyme and Propolis supplementation with aerobic exercise can reduce AST and ALT serum levels and lead to improved liver cell function.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiology

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