Volume 7, Issue 2 (Summer 2003)                   2003, 7(2): 100-104 | Back to browse issues page

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kayyalha H. The effect of electroconvulsive therapy on the heart rate and blood pressure. Journal of Inflammatory Diseases. 2003; 7 (2) :100-104
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-289-en.html
Abstract:   (11609 Views)
Background: ECT is one of the major treatments for psychotic patients.Performing ECT in patients with pre-existing heart disease and hypertension has high risk of cardiac complications. Objective: To evaluate blood pressure and heart rate changes in patients undergoing ECT . Methods: This semi-experimental study was performed on 38 psychotic patients (21 men and 17 women) aged 21-40 years and needing ECT at Bistodoe-Bahman hospital in 2001. They all had no history of heart disease or hypertension . Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded at three stages:initially ,one minute after induction of anesthesia , immediately after completion of convulsions.Using T-test and Paired T-test , the data were statistically analyzed. Findings: The patients had undergone a total number of 118 ECTs. At first stage the average BP was 103/65mmHg and the average heart rate was 83/minute, at second stage BP 119/78 mmHg and heart rate 104/minute and at final stage BP 161/97 mmHg and heart rate 131/ minute. Hemodynamic changes including systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart pressure and heart rate at 3 stages after ECT were improved to be statistically significant (P<0.0001) . Conclusion : ECT increases systolic and diastolyic blood pressure and heart rate in general
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cardiology

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