Volume 22, Issue 2 (Jun _ Jul 2018)                   2018, 22(2): 63-73 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kazemi S, Kakavand A, Jalali M, Javadi H. Relation Glasser's basic needs with hypertension in middle age: the mediating role of humor. Journal of Inflammatory Diseases. 2018; 22 (2) :63-73
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2578-en.html
1- Department of General Psychology, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran , kazemishokoofe@gmail.com
2- Department of Psychology, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
3- Department of Cardiology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (4699 Views)
Background: Blood pressure disease is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
Objective: The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between Glasser's basic needs with hypertension in the middle aged peoples by mediating variable of humor.
Methods: In the present study, descriptive-correlational research design was used. The sample consisted of 204 middle aged people who referred to Bu-Ali Sina Hospital in Qazvin (92 males, and 112 females). Purposive sampling method was utilized for collecting the data. The instruments of the present study included Sahebi adjustment scale, sense of humor questionnaire and the blood pressure information questionnaire. Data was analyzed using structural equation modeling method.
Findings: The results showed that the proposed model had an acceptable fitness. In the relationship between basic needs with blood pressure and the role of mediator of humor, the direct relationship between blood pressure and the need for belonging, fun, survival, power and freedom was significant (95% confidence interval). Indirect relationship between blood pressure and the need for belonging, fun, survival and power was significant. Also, the direct relationship between humor and blood pressure was confirmed (β=- 0.55). Finally, in this model, the direct relationship between the need for belonging, survival, power and freedom with humor was confirmed (95% confidence interval).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is a meaningful relationship between humor and blood pressure. Glasser's basic needs and, consequently the humor and their uses in dealing with stresses can reduce the blood pressure in middle aged persons.
Full-Text [PDF 192 kb]   (2197 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology

1. Moradmand S, Mousavi M. Hypertension what everyone should know.1st ed. Tehran: Timur Zadeh; 2003.10-20. [In Persian]
2. Longo D, Kasper D, Jameson L, Fauci A. Harrison principles of internal medicine. Translated by: Naeemi T, Heidary Sh, Taherian M, Bahadoran P, Qaderi A. Tehran: Mansour; 2015. [In Persian]
3. Abdollahi Sh, Mehrabizadeh HM, Sudani M. The effect of happiness training on blood pressure and happiness in patients with blood pressure. J Social Psychology 2013; 7(23): 61-79. [In Persian]
4. Kheirabadi GR, Bagherian Sararoudi R, Masaeli N, Zonary R. Comparison of depression rates between subjects with and without hypertension. J Res Behav Sci 2013; 9(5): 350-7. [In Persian]
5. Lowe B, Grafe K, Ufer C, Kroenke K, Grünig E, Herzog W, et al. Anxiety and depression in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Psychosom Med 2004; 66(6): 831-6. doi: 10.1097/01.psy.0000145593. 37594.39. [PubMed]
6. M M Vanhoof J, Delcroix M, Vandevelde E, Denhaerynck K, Wuyts W, Belge C, et al. Emotional symptoms and quality of life in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Heart Lung Transplant 2014; 33(8): 800-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Tang HY, Harms V, Vezeau T. An audio relaxation tool for blood pressure reduction in older adults. Geriatr Nurs 2008; 29(6): 392-401. [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Maier SF, Laudenslager M. Stress and health. J Research in Personality 2008; 15: 221-31.
9. Jabel Ameli S, Neshatdoost HT, Molavi H. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management on quality of life and hypertension in patients with hypertension. J Kurdistan Univ Med Sci 2011; 15: 88-97. [In Persian]
10. Glasser W. Choice theory: a new psychology of personal freedom. Translated by: Firoozbakht M. 1st ed. Tehran: Rasa; 2016. 43-65. [In Persian]
11. Prochaska JO, Norcross JC. Theories of psychotherapy. Translated by: Seyed Mohammadi Y. 11th ed. Tehran: Ravan; 2012. [In Persian]
12. Tadayon M, Mohammadi Arya A, Lotfi H. The efficiency of reality therapy instruction upon the rate of life's qualification and marital conflicts of addicted spouses. J Basic Appl Sci Res 2013; 3(9): 482-6.
13. Shokri K, Aliabedi J, Saleh M, Etivand M, Fathi P. Effect of reality therapy interventions by group work on reducing the anxiety behavior in adolescents. Caspian Sea J 2016; 10(1): 620-5.
14. Farrokhzad T. A comparative study and relationship between three types of age differences between couples, five essential requirements of Glasser and marital adjustment. Thesis for Masters degree, Tehran: Al-Zahra University; 2013. [In Persian]
15. Bakhshipour B. Humor styles and marital conflicts in married college students. J Counseling Res 2016; 14(55): 23-39. [In Persian]
16. Ghalebihajivand R, Ahmadi AJ, Kakavand AR. Study of humor styles as moderators of communication between five personality factors and general health. Behav Sci 2013; 6(1): 79-85. [In Persian]
17. Khoshouei MS. Psychology of humor. 1st Ed. Esfahan: Kankash; 2008. [In Persian]
18. Ghalebihajivand R. Construction and validation of styles of humor questionnaire in students. Thesis for Masters degree, International Qazvin University; 2011. 100. [In Persian]
19. Vafai Z, Askarizadeh G, Rahmati A. The relationship between excitement, humor and religious attitude with death anxiety. Ravanshenasi-va-Din 2011; 4(3): 49-68 [In Persian]
20. Savoglou V, Scario C. Humor styles questionnaire: personality and educational correlates in Belgian high school and college students. Eur J Personality 2002; 16(1): 43-54. [DOI]
21. Grewen KM, Girdler SS, Hinderliter A, Light KC. Depressive symptoms are related to higher ambulatory blood pressure in people with a family history of hypertension. Psychosom Med 2004; 66(1): 9-16. doi: 10. 1097/01.PSY.0000106881.60228.16 [PubMed]
22. Pickering TG, Harshfield GA, Kleinert HD, Blank S, Laragh JH. Blood pressure during normal daily activities, sleep and exercise. Comparison of values in normal and hypertensive subjects. JAMA 1982; 247(7): 992-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
23. Clark A, Seidler A, Miller M. Inverse association between sense of humor and coronary heart disease. Int J Cardiol 2001; 80(1): 87-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
24. Prenzlau S. Using reality therapy to reduce PTSD- related symptoms. Int J Reality Therapy 2006; 25(2): 23-30.
25. Sadat Bari N, Bahrinian SA, Azargoon H, Abedi H, Aghaei F. The effectiveness of reality therapy on resiliency of divorced women in Neyshabour city. Int Res J Appl Basic Sci 2013; 6(2): 160-4.
26. Kevin J, Meyer, MS. The relationship between therapists use of humorand therapeutic alliance. Thesis for Ph.D degree, Ohio State University; 2007. 87.
27. Diener Ed, Chan MY. Happy people live longer: subjective well-being contributes to health and longevity. Appl Psychol-Hlth We 2011; 3(1): 1-43. [DOI]
28. Adavi A, FathiMarghmalaki R, Madmoli Y, Fathi Marghmalaki R, Madmoli M. The effect of stress management on anxiety of females with hypertension. Iran J Nurs Res 2016; 11(5): 7-12. [In Persian]
29. Bahram Khani M, AliPour A, Janbozorgi M, Barzegar Ghazi K. Effectiveness of muscle progressive relaxation on perceived stress in patients with essential hypertension. Clin Psychol-Sci PR 2011; 3(1): 79-88.
30. Ghorbanalipour M, Najafi M, Alirezalo Z, Nasimi M. The effectiveness of reality therapy on happiness and hope in divorced women. Family Counseling Psychotherapy 2015; 4(2): 297-317. [In Persian]
31. Kazemi mojarad M, Bahreynian AM, Mohammadi arya A. Impact of training choice theory on quality of life and happiness of people quitting drugs. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot 2014; 2(2): 165-74. [In Persian]
32. Nikmanesh Z, Khosravi M, Hasanzade Z. Relationship of humor sense with quality of life in cancer patients. Toloo e Behdasht 2015; 13(3); 31-41. [In Persian]
33. Jalali SF, Kheirkhah F, Haji Ahmadi M, Seifi Zarei B. Effect of laughter therapy on blood pressure patients with essential hypertension. J Babol Univ Med Sci 2009; 10(5): 35-40. [In Persian]
34. Owladi Z. Effectiveness of group therapy based on reality therapy in reducing boredom and increasing marital satisfaction among married women. Thesis for Masters degree, Mashhad Ferdowsi University; 2012. 80. [In Persian]
35. Khoshouei MS, Oreizy Samani HR, Aghaei A. Construction and validation of sense of humor questionnaire. Psychological Res 2009; 12(1-2): 26-39. [In Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Inflammatory Diseases

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb