Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2002)                   J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2002, 5(4): 9-13 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (11390 Views)
Background: According to WHO guidelines, penicillin can be used as an empirical therapy in bacterial pneumonia but no investigation has been conducted in this regard in Iran. Objective: To determine the efficacy of penicillin in normal 1 to 6 year old children with community-acquired pneumonia. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in 68 children with the age range of 1 to 6 with bacterial pneumonia (Diagnosis based on clinical symptoms, chest X-ray and laboratory findings) who were admitted in the pediatric wards of Al-Zahra and Shariati hospitals of Isfahan from oct. 1997 till Oct. 1998. All patients received penicillin crystal. The criteria for response were decreased fever, respiratory symptoms and C-reactive protein during 72 hours. The results were analyzed based on the expected percent of responses. Findings: Of 68 cases enrolled, 55 patients (80.9%) showed a satisfactory clinical response during 72 hours. The prevalence of response were between 2 to 4 yr old cases (90%) and less between 4 to 6 yr old (78.6%). According of statistical analysis, there was not a significant difference between the expected percent of treatment (85%) and response rate (80.9%) in this study. Conclusion: Penicillin can be used for community-acquired pneumonia in normal children for first line therapy.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatrics