Volume 12, Issue 1 (spring 2008)                   J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2008, 12(1): 62-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Bahrami Nejad N, Hanifi N, Moosavi Nasab N. Comparing the effect of two family- and individual-based interventions on blood pressure and lifestyle. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2008; 12 (1) :62-79
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-33-en.html
1- , Email: bahrami_n@zums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10898 Views)
¯Abstract Background: High blood pressure is the most important modifiable risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To compare the effect of two family-and individual-based interventions on blood pressure and lifestyle in subjects suffering from hypertension. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 91 subjects with blood pressure ³ 140/90 mmHg in Islam-Abad, Zanjan (Iran) during 2005-2006. The subjects were non-randomly assigned to either the family-based group (n=42) or individual-based group (n=49). Intervention included counseling to promote both lifestyle and medical aspects of secondary prevention .The data were analyzed using chi-square test, t-test, paired t-test, Mann-Whitney test, and Wilcoxon test. Findings: The mean systolic blood pressure decreased from 159/5±14/4 to138/3±12 and 157/6±21/6 to132±20/9 in family-based group and in individual-based group, respectively. There was no significant difference in blood pressure between two groups after intervention (p=0.92). However, following intervention the mean blood pressure significantly decreased in both groups (P=0/0005). Also, the mean score of fruits and dairy product consumption and physical activity in subjects were significantly increased among two groups, post-intervention (p<0.0001). Conclusion: The results indicated that both methods with focus on physical activity and diet counseling followed by structured follow-up meeting could be considered as effective ways of controlling CVD risk factors
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing

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