Volume 22, Issue 6 (Feb - Mar 2019)                   J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2019, 22(6): 164-177 | Back to browse issues page


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Sarraf N, Mohammadi M R, Ahmadi N, Khaleghi A, Gharibi S, Atapour H, et al . Epidemiology of Children and Adolescents Psychiatric Disorders in Qazvin Central Areas 2016-2017 (A National Project). J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2019; 22 (6) :164-177
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2730-en.html
1- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran. , dr.n.sarraf@gmail.com
2- Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran.
4- Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
5- Dr. Sarraf Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (473 Views)
Background Identification of children and adolescents mental health problems need to investigate of psychiatric disorders. 
Objective We aimed the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in central areas of Qazvin Province children and adolescent ages 6 to 18 years and their comorbidities.
Methods This is a national project that will be implemented in central areas of Qazvin Province. This project will be focused on 1025 children and adolescents ages 6 to 18 years from central area of Qazvin province by cluster sampling method with Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia, Present and Lifetime version questionnaire (K-SADS-PL). The interview was conducted by 8 clinical psychologists 
Findings The prevalence of total psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents was 28.19% (95% CI=21.81-22.82) that was among boys 31.5% and among girls 25% and by comparing 95% of confidence interval of prevalence of psychiatric disorders in both genders. We saw a significant difference in total psychiatric disorder (P≤0.02) and results also showed that odds ratio (95% CI) for psychiatric disorders in the total population in terms of sex was 0.7 (for female). In addition, anxiety disorders had the most highlighted prevalence among all (13.2%) and; specific phobias disorders (4.7%) was the most common disorders .The results showed that the comorbidity of anxiety disorders and behavioral disorders is more than any others (22.2%). Free job mothers were valuable (P≤0.006).
Conclusion This study showed the child and adolescents are significantly different in term of sex in central areas of Qazvin Province. Anxiety disorders are most common psychiatric disorders.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry

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