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Evaluation of depression and anxiety in patients with thalassemia: a comparative study
AR. Hajiseyed Javadi *, AA. Shafikhani
Department of Psychiatry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (163 Views)

Background: More studies in the field of thalassemia patients focus on medical treatment and less attention to the psychosocial problems aspect.

Objective: The aim of this study was evaluation of depression and anxiety in these patients in Qazvin province.

Methods: This case-control study has been conducted in Qods hospital of Qazvin (2016). The study population included thalassemia major patients and control group were participating in this study (n=147 in each group). All subjects completed the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS). In addition to clinical history, socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of patients collected and analyzed using proper statistical methods.

Findings: Borderline abnormal (borderline case) and abnormal state of anxiety were reported 2 7.2% and 42.2% in case group compared with 22.4% and 6.8% in the control group (P<0.001). In addition, borderline and abnormal states of depression were significantly different in the case group than the control group (respectively 20.4% and 59.2% vs 24.5% and 12.9%, P<0.001). Among patients with thalassemia, depression and anxiety scores significantly were associated with non-compliance and iron chelation, marital status (single) and socioeconomic state (P<0.001). in addition, Moreover, in terms of depression individuals with diabetes, headaches and skin disorders significantly were higher scores of depression and in terms of anxiety individuals with low back pain, headaches and skin disorders were higher scores.

Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with thalassemia is considerable and related to socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, so it is essential that psychiatric consultation systems created in thalassemia clinics of Qazvin province.

Keywords: Thalassemia, Depression, Anxiety
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
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Hajiseyed Javadi A, Shafikhani A. Evaluation of depression and anxiety in patients with thalassemia: a comparative study. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2017; 21 (2)
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2327-en.html
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مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قزوین The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
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