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:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (Aug - Sep 2017) ::
J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2017, 21(3): 75-66 Back to browse issues page
The relation between breakfast consumption and psychological symptoms among adults
AR. Milajerdi , SM. Mousavi , A. Hassanzadeh Keshteli , A. Esmaillzadeh *, HR. Roohafza , H. Afshar , P. Adibi
Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Esmaillzadeh@hlth.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (517 Views)

Background: Breakfast skipping was related to obesity and obesity has been associated with psychological disorders, but limited data are available linking breakfast consumption to psychological symptoms.
Objective: The association between breakfast consumption and psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety, was studied among Iranian adults.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 4378 healthy adults in Isfahan, Iran. Breakfast consumption was assessed using a validated detailed dietary habits’ questionnaire; and depression and anxiety using an Iranian validated Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire. Psychological distress was also examined by means of Iranian validated version of General Health Questionnaire.
Findings: Overall, 611 numbers (13.95%) of study participants had anxiety, 1253 numbers (28.62%) depression, and 1015 numbers (23.18%) probable mental disorders symptoms. After controlling for the confounding variables, participants with every day breakfast consumption had lower odds for depression symptoms (OR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.36-0.66) compared with those with the least frequent intake of breakfast, even after further adjustment for BMI (OR: 0.47; 95% CI: 0.34-0.63). Frequent breakfast consumption was inversely associated with anxiety before and after controlling for BMI (P<0.001). The same findings were obtained for probable mental disorders (P<0.001).
Conclusion: This study showed an inverse relation between breakfast consumption and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and probable mental disorders among Iranian adults. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings. 


Keywords: Breakfast, Depression, Anxiety, Psychological symptoms, Mood
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nutrition
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Milajerdi A, Mousavi S, Hassanzadeh Keshteli A, Esmaillzadeh A, Roohafza H, Afshar H et al . The relation between breakfast consumption and psychological symptoms among adults. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2017; 21 (3) :75-66
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2296-en.html

Volume 21, Issue 3 (Aug - Sep 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قزوین The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences
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