Volume 20, Issue 6 (Feb - Mar 2017)                   J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2017, 20(6): 18-12 | Back to browse issues page

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1- , Dr.bardia_vad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2332 Views)

Background: Pregnancy is a specific condition that may affected the oral mucosa. The knowledge from intra & extra oral manifestation is necessary for medical doctor and dentists for diagnosis and treatment.

Objective: The aim of this study was determination of intra & extra oral manifestations frequency of pregnant women in Rasht city.

Methods: This descriptive-cross sectional study was conducted on 300 pregnant women referring to Alzahra and Tamin Ejtemaei Hospital in Rasht city in 2013. A questionnaire was designed that included biographical characteristics, month of pregnancy, oral hygiene, frequency of dental visits, systemic diseases, nausea and vomiting and entered the data in questionnaire after patients’ examination. The data was analyzed by student's t-test, and chi-square test.

Findings: The average of age of studied women was 26.6±4.5 year (16-43 years old) and the frequency of intra and extra oral manifestation was 80.3% and 7.3% respectively. Pregnancy gingivitis (59%), and halitosis (37.7%) were the most intra oral manifestation, and choloasma (6.7%) was the most extra oral manifestations. The most oral manifestations were seen in third trimester (8th and 9th month of pregnancy). The frequency of pregnancy tumor was 1%. Fifty-nine percent of women had gingival bleeding during tooth brushing. The correlation between nausea, vomiting and sialorhea was significant.

Conclusion: As the relative high frequency of intra oral manifestations in pregnant women, it is necessary to alert the physicians to refer these people to dentists, and training pregnant women for oral hygiene, and preventing incidence of oral and dental diseases and pregnancy gingivitis.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Dentisry