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1- Schools of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- Schools of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran ,
3- Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (2099 Views)
Despite the high prevalence of cyclic mastalgia and several proposed therapeutic methods there is currently no definite treatment for cyclic breast pain. This study aimed at categorizing and reviewing studies focused on cyclic mastalgia conducted during the last two decades. In this study, articles published in Persian and English in databases such as Scopus, SID, Pubmed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Iran made were systematically reviewed. “Mastalgia”, “cyclic mastalgia” and “breast pain”, “Mastodynia” were adopted as keywords which resulted in finding 975 articles published between 1998 and 2018. Having excluded repeated studies and considered inclusion an exclusion criteria, the number of articles were narrowed down to 28. A total of 10 non-interventional and 18 interventional studies were considered. Most studies reported a mastalgia prevalence rate of about 30% in Iran. The maximum incidence rate of breast pain was amongst women in their thirties. In most studies, there was a significant relationship between the incidence of premenstrual syndrome and breast pain. Vitamin or herbal supplementation and therapeutic counselling found to be the most and the least common type of Intervention respectively. Cyclic mastalgia affects the quality of sleep, physical and sexual activity. Due to the high incidence rate of cyclic mastalgia and lack of an agreed treatment guideline, further research on the efficacy of various therapeutic methods and interventions is recommended.
Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Midwifery

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