Volume 22, Issue 6 (Feb - Mar 2019)                   J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2019, 22(6): 126-137 | Back to browse issues page


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Janzadeh H, Khosravi-Mozafari H, Javadi M. The Relationship Between Food Insecurity, C-Reactive Protein and Some Socio-Economic Variables in Type 2 Diabetes. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2019; 22 (6) :126-137
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2748-en.html
1- Department of Health Sciences in Nutrition, School of Public Health, International Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran. , hamidehjanzadeh@yahoo.com
2- Department of Health Sciences in Nutrition, School of Public Health, International Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran.
3- Department of Public Health in Nutrition, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (326 Views)

Background Food insecurity can contribute to health and nutrition problems. Thus, determining its associated factors seems necessary in all societies.
Objective The current this study determined the food insecurity, C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and some socio-economic factors in type 2 diabetic patients in Minoodar and Shohada comprehensive health centers of Qazvin in 2016.
Methods This case-control study was performed on 200 type 2 diabetic patients with an average age of 47.1±8.2 and 200 healthy individuals with an average age of 46.3±8.6.Food security was determined using the Household Food Security Questionnaire. Data from anthropometric, was collected, Biochemical factors were assessed using a blood test and Physical activity was measured using International Physical Activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Chi-square test to determine the relationship between independent qualitative variables and independent T-test to determine the relationship between quantitative variables for the comparison of mean for two independent groups of the Man-Vinet test and Kruskal-Wallis test for meaningful differences in general characteristics. Moreover, multivariate logistic regression was used to moderate the effects of misleading variables and software N4 for data analysis. The minimum significant difference was considered to be less than 0.05.
Findings The Mean±SD age of the patients and healthy subjects were 47.1±8.2 and 46.3±8.6, respectively. There was a significant correlation between food insecurity and socio-economic variables affecting type 2 diabetes. Food insecurity in the case group was significantly associated with fasting blood glucose (P=0.02) and inflammation factor (CRP) and WBC (P<0.001).
Conclusion Increased food insecurity was associated with enhanced inflammation and type 2 diabetes; therefore, health planners should pay attention to reducing food insecurity in the community, especially in people with type 2 diabetes. This could be achieved by improving the economic situation and modifying household food patterns.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nutrition

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