Volume 22, Issue 3 (Aug - Sep 2018)                   J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2018, 22(3): 23-31 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jalilolghadr S, Pakpour-Hajiagha A, Yousefi A, Pakzad R. Association of sleep habits with dietary pattern; a schools-based cross-sectional study. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2018; 22 (3) :23-31
URL: http://journal.qums.ac.ir/article-1-2580-en.html
Children Growth Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran , shabnam_jalilolgadr@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (580 Views)
Background: There is a relationship between nutrition pattern and sleep status. The role of demographic and dietary factors on the sleep quality in Iranian children are unclear.
Objective: To determine the sleep pattern in children aged 7-12 years and its relationship with demographic factors and dietary pattern.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 264 students aged 7-12 years old were invited using multistage random sampling from schools of Qazvin in 2015-2016. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and 24-hour diet-recalls questionnaire were used to determine the sleep pattern and dietary pattern, respectively.
Findings: The mean age of the subjects was 9.5±1.53 years. The prevalence of sleep disturbances (CSHQ score > 41) was 77.5%. There was no significant relationship between 4 macro-nutritious types (fat, protein, carbohydrates and energy) with sleep pattern and its subscales. There was a significant relationship between bedtime resistances with mother education; sleep onset delay with weight and school grade; sleep anxiety with father education, weight and sex; frequent night waking, parasomnia, and sleep disordered breathing with sex and father education.
Conclusion: The prevalence of sleep disturbances was high in our study. Although there was no relationship between dietary pattern and sleep pattern, but sleep pattern was significantly associated with demographic factors. Therefore, it is recommended that programs should be developed to raise awareness in communities, focusing towards parents.
Full-Text [PDF 164 kb]   (119 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatrics

References
1. Moore M, Allison D, Rosen CL. A review of pediatric nonrespiratory sleep disorders. Chest 2006; 130(4): 1252-62. doi: 10.1378/ chest.130.4.1252. [PubMed]
2. Singh GK, Kenney MK. Rising prevalence and neighborhood, social, and behavioral determinants of sleep problems in US children and adolescents, 2003–2012. Sleep Disord 2013; 2013: 394320. doi: 10.1155/ 2013/394320. [PubMed]
3. Strong C, Lin CY, Jalilolghadr S, Updegraff JA, Broström A, Pakpour AH. Sleep hygiene behaviours in Iranian adolescents: an application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. J Sleep Res 2018; 27(1): 23-31. [DOI] [PubMed]
4. Blunden S, Lushington K, Lorenzen B, Ooi T, Fung F, Kennedy D. Are sleep problems under-recognised in general practice? Arch Dis Child 2004; 89(8): 708-12. [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Bharti B, Malhi P, Kashyap S. Patterns and problems of sleep in school going children. Indian Pediatr 2006; 43(1): 35-8. [PubMed]
6. BaHammam A, AlFaris E, Shaikh S, Bin Saeed A. Prevalence of sleep problems and habits in a sample of Saudi primary school children. Ann Saudi Med 2006; 26(1): 7-13. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Grandner MA, Kripke DF, Naidoo N, Langer RD. Relationships among dietary nutrients and subjective sleep, objective sleep, and napping in women. Sleep Med 2010; 11(2): 180-4. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep. 2009.07.014. [PubMed]
8. Acebo C, Sadeh A, Seifer R, Tzischinsky O, Hafer A, Carskadon MA. Sleep/wake patterns derived from activity monitoring and maternal report for healthy 1-to 5-year-old children. Sleep 2005; 28(12): 1568-77. [DOI] [PubMed]
9. Beebe DW. Cognitive, behavioral, and functional consequences of inadequate sleep in children and adolescents. Pediatr Clin North Am 2011; 58(3): 649-65. doi: 10.1016/ j.pcl.2011.03.002. [PubMed]
10. Dewald JF, Meijer AM, Oort FJ, Kerkhof GA, Bögels SM. The influence of sleep quality, sleep duration and sleepiness on school performance in children and adolescents: a meta-analytic review. Sleep Med Rev 2010; 14(3): 179-89. doi: 10.1016/ j.smrv.2009.10.004. [PubMed]
11. Gregory AM, Caspi A, Eley TC, Moffitt TE, Oconnor TG, Poulton R. Prospective longitudinal associations between persistent sleep problems in childhood and anxiety and depression disorders in adulthood. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2005; 33(2): 157-63. [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Gregory AM, Rijsdijk FV, Dahl RE, McGuffin P, Eley TC. Associations between sleep problems, anxiety, and depression in twins at 8 years of age. Pediatrics 2006; 118(3): 1124-32. [DOI]
13. Sauchelli S, Jiménez-Murcia S, Sánchez I, Riesco N, Custal N, Fernández-García JC, et al. Orexin and sleep quality in anorexia nervosa: Clinical relevance and influence on treatment outcome. Psychoneuro endocrinology 2016; 65: 102-8. [DOI] [PubMed]
14. Javadi M, Haj Hasemkhani M, Dalvandi A, Taherpour M. The Relationship between family's lifestyle with sleep habits and BMI among children 6 to 11 years old in Qazvin city (2014). J Qazvin Univ Med Sci 2017; 21(4): 44-38. [In Persian]
15. Svendsen M, Blomhoff R, Holme I, Tonstad S. The effect of an increased intake of vegetables and fruit on weight loss, blood pressure and antioxidant defense in subjects with sleep related breathing disorders. Eur J Clin Nutr 2007; 61(11): 1301-11. [DOI] [PubMed]
16. Tatone-Tokuda F, Dubois L, Ramsay T, Girard M, Touchette E, Petit D, et al. Sex differences in the association between sleep duration, diet and body mass index: a birth cohort study. J Sleep Res 2012; 21(4): 448-60. [DOI] [PubMed]
17. Owens JA, Spirito A, McGuinn M. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children. Sleep 2000; 23(8): 1043-51. [DOI] [PubMed]
18. Jalilolghadr S, Hashemi S, Javadi M, Esmailzadehha N, Jahanihashemi H, Afaghi A. Sleep habits of Iranian pre‐school children in an urban area: Late sleeping and sleep debt in children. Sleep Biol Rhythms 2012; 10(2): 154-6. [DOI]
19. Javadi M, Javadi A, Kalantari N, Jaliloghadr S, Mohamad H. Sleep problems among pre-school children in Qazvin, Iran. Malays J Med Sci 2014; 21(6): 52-6. [PubMed]
20. Rafii F, Oskouie F, Shoghi M. The association between sleep and injury among school-aged children in Iran. Sleep Disord 2013; 2013. 891090. [DOI]
21. Javadi M, Kalantari N, Jalilolghadr S, Omidvar N, Rashidkhani B, Amiri P. Sleep habits and dietary intake among preschool children in Qazvin. J Comprehensive Pediatrics 2014; 5(1): e5134. doi: 10.17795/ compreped-5134.
22. Fallahzadeh H, Etesam F, Asgarian FS. Validity and reliability related to the Persian version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Sleep Biol Rhythms 2015; 13(3): 271-8. [DOI]
23. Mirmiran P, Esfahani FH, Mehrabi Y, Hedayati M, Azizi F. Reliability and relative validity of an FFQ for nutrients in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Public Health Nutr 2010; 13(5): 654-62. [DOI] [PubMed]
24. Owens JA, Spirito A, McGuinn M, Nobile C. Sleep habits and sleep disturbance in elementary school-aged children. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2000; 21(1): 27-36. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Quine L. Sleep problems in primary school children: comparison between mainstream and special school children. Child Care Health Dev 2001; 27(3): 201-21. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Corbo GM, Forastiere F, Agabiti N, Pistelli R, Dell'Orco V, Perucci CA, et al. Snoring in 9-to 15-year-old children: risk factors and clinical relevance. Pediatrics 2001; 108(5): 1149-54. [DOI] [PubMed]
27. Tynjälä J, Kannas L, Välimaa R. How young Europeans sleep. Health Educ Res 1993; 8(1): 69-80. [DOI] [PubMed]
28. Owens J, Maxim R, McGuinn M, Nobile C, Msall M, Alario A. Television-viewing habits and sleep disturbance in school children. Pediatrics 1999; 104(3): e27. [DOI] [PubMed]
29. Kahn A, Van de Merckt C, Rebuffat E, Mozin MJ, Sottiaux M, Blum D, et al. Sleep problems in healthy preadolescents. Pediatrics 1989; 84(3): 542-6. [PubMed]
30. Hoppe C, Rothausen BW, Biltoft-Jensen A, Matthiessen J, Groth MV, Chaput JP, et al. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4-to 14-year-old Danish children. J Nutr Sci 2013; 2: e38. [DOI] [PubMed]
31. Diethelm K, Remer T, Jilani H, Kunz C, Buyken AE. Associations between the macronutrient composition of the evening meal and average daily sleep duration in early childhood. Clin Nutr 2011; 30(5): 640-6. [DOI] [PubMed]
32. Bel S, Michels N, De Vriendt T, Patterson E, Cuenca-García M, Diethelm K, et al. Association between self-reported sleep duration and dietary quality in European adolescents. Br J Nutr 2013; 110(5): 949-59. [DOI] [PubMed]
33. Garaulet M, Ortega FB, Ruiz JR, Rey-Lopez JP, Beghin L, Manios Y, et al. Short sleep duration is associated with increased obesity markers in European adolescents: effect of physical activity and dietary habits. The HELENA study. Int J Obes (Lond) 2011; 35(10): 1308-17. [DOI] [PubMed]
34. Westerlund L, Ray C, Roos E. Associations between sleeping habits and food consumption patterns among 10–11-year-old children in Finland. Br J Nutr 2009; 102(10): 1531-7. [DOI] [PubMed]
35. Landis AM, Parker KP, Dunbar SB. Sleep, hunger, satiety, food cravings, and caloric intake in adolescents. J Nurs Scholarsh 2009; 41(2): 115-23. [DOI] [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb